It is not true that there are one million cases of side effects from Covid vaccines in the EU

Kostadin Kostadinov, leader of Vazrazhdane (The Revival Party): You know that currently there is a debate in the European Parliament about the injuries and deaths caused by…

Viktor Nikolaev, host of Hello, Bulgaria: There isn’t, there isn’t.

Kostadin Kostadinov, leader of Vazrazhdane: There is, there is. There are one million cases. At the moment, there is an official statistic by the European Medicines Agency (EMA). Such a debate is currently underway. A resolution has been tabled, a draft resolution in the EP. 1 million have side effects and are officially registered for each of the vaccines. We are talking about the EU.

This is part of Kostadin Kostadinov’s pre-election interview on Nova TV on November 2, a few days before the National Assembly vote. The chairman of Vazrazhdane, which will be part of the new parliament, presented information without specifying important details. His words imply that there are 1 million cases with side effects after Covid-19 vaccines, which is a topic in the European Parliament (EP).

Similar headlines and messages can be found on several sites: “The EU has officially confirmed a million complications from vaccines”, “there are official EMA statistics”, “there is a draft resolution submitted to the EP”.

Volen Siderov also announced that there was a “draft resolution” on October 6, 2021, in a pre-election interview on BNT’s (Bulgarian National Television) program The day begins with Georgi Lyubenov. According to him, “it has been found that there are about one million registered people with complications” and this means that “we have indisputable evidence that vaccines can harm you.”

There are two statements in the quotations. The first one is that there are “one million cases” of complications or deaths caused by vaccines.

The second is that a draft resolution has been tabled in the European Parliament on the issue.

The connection between the two is that the number one million is based on the so-called draft resolution. Factcheck.bg’s inspection showed that the numbers cannot be confirmed and there is no official document that confirms given data or expresses a position.

On November 5, 2021, Factcheck.bg sent questions to the Bulgarian Drug Agency to verify the data, but we did not receive an answer until November 17. Representatives of the Bulgarian agency are part of the EMA structures.

Here is what our inspection, based on publicly available data from the European Medicines Agency (EMA), shows.

How are side effects statistics kept?

The safety reports for Covid-19 vaccines usage, published on EMA’s website monthly, do not mention cases, but side effects reports numbers. In the footnotes in the report is explicitly stated that the numbers provided do not correspond to the number of cases or the number of people who sent a signal. “The number of side effects never corresponds to the number of cases,” as clarified by EMA. This means that a person may have had a couple of side effects, such as muscle or puncture pain and a headache at the same time. Thus, in reality, such a person becomes part of the statistics with two or more side effects.

The EMA report also states that some of the alerts were submitted by medical staff, i.e. there is evidence for them. For others, it is specified that they have been sent by citizens and are unconfirmed. Each report explicitly states that these are “alleged side effects received by some individuals, ie. medical events observed after administration of the vaccine. “The fact that someone had a medical problem or died after vaccination does not necessarily mean that it was caused by the vaccine.” Another question Factcheck.bg asked the Bulgarian Drug Agency was whether those who sent this type of signals must prove that they have been vaccinated. It was left unanswered.

With these clarifications, it could really be said that there are 1 million reports of side effects after vaccination. But there are not 1 million people affected or medically proven side effects. According to EMA statistics, since October 28, 2021, there were 412,571 side effects reported among 428,000,000 Pfizer (Comirnaty) vaccine doses given, and 214,528 side effects reported among 68,800,000 AstraZeneca (Vaxzevria) vaccine doses given. For Moderna (Spikevax) there are 94,636 in 61,600,000 vaccine doses, and for Janssen – 28,244 reported reactions with 16,300,000 doses given.

Source: https://www.ema.europa.eu/en/human-regulatory/overview/public-health-threats/coronavirus-disease-covid-19/treatments-vaccines/vaccines-covid-19/safety-covid-19-vaccines

Is there a debate in the European Parliament on the subject?

The French MEP Virginie Joron from the Identity and Democracy group in the EP who is also a member of Marin Le Pen’s National Front did propose a resolution to the EP. Such a proposal, according to Art. 143 from the Rules of Procedure, can be made by any MEP. The President checks if the proposal is admissible and, if so, announces it on the plenary session and distributes the proposal to the committee responsible. The Commission decides whether and how to proceed with the resolution motion – it may combine it with other motions, adopt a position or create a report, but it may also decide not to take any action on the motion for a resolution.

Virginia Joron’s proposal was announced at the Parliament’s plenary session on 21 October 2021 and was distributed to the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI). The committee is expected to decide on the proposal at one of its upcoming meetings. This means that at the moment there isn’t a draft resolution from the European Parliament or an official document.

Joron’s proposal itself consists of one sentence: the European Parliament “calls on the Commission to set up a fund to compensate COVID-19 vaccines victims”. The recitals reported side effects and death claimed to be caused by Covid-19 vaccines. The source of the information was claimed to be the EMA.

However, these figures do not match those of the Vaccine Safety Agency’s reports for September and October – the resolution motion is dated 23 September 2021. According to a document submitted by Joron, there were 435,779 side effects cases after the Pfizer vaccine. The document does not specify for what period but references the European Medicines Agency. According to the Agency’s reports for September and October, the registered cases of possible side effects were 302,517 and 361,767, respectively. The same discrepancy was found in reports about the other vaccines. 373,285 side effects cases after vaccination with Astra Zeneca were identified under the resolution motion. According to EMA’s report, 184,679 cases were reported in September and 199,999 in October.

Due to this discrepancy in the data and the impossibility to establish their origin, Factcheck.bg sent questions to the Bulgarian Drug Agency. We have not received a response prior to the publication of this text.

Here are the questions we sent:

  1. French MEP Virginie Joron has tabled an individual motion for an EP resolution, citing EMA data (we also sent the data disseminated by Joron). Is this data reliable?
  2. How many side effects occurring after vaccination have been reported to the EMA?
  3. How many of them are mild and common for other vaccines – muscle pain, pain at the injection spot, short fever, etc.?
  4. How many fatalities have been reported while specifying that it has not been proven they were caused by vaccines?
  5. Can people report side effects once or can each of them again report after a second or booster dose?
  6. Are the signals medically verified?
  7. Are the signals verified with a vaccination document?
  8. Can comparisons be made with side effects after other vaccines, similarly to the comparisons public commentators make? If yes – which vaccines can be compared?


The examination shows that the data set out in Joron’s proposal cannot be confirmed and the proposal itself cannot be described as a draft resolution of the European Parliament.

Ralitsa Kovacheva (Factcheck.bg) also worked on the topic.

Translated by Lina Chakarova.

The publication has been produced with the support of NATO's Public Diplomacy Division. The responsibility for the content lies entirely with the editorial team of Factcheck.bg.

The publication has been produced with the support of NATO's Public Diplomacy Division. The responsibility for the content lies entirely with the editorial team of Factcheck.bg.

Georgy Marchev
Georgy Marchev
Georgy Marchev is a founder, video producer and narrator at Story Films. He is experienced in creating video stories on the Internet, and the national tv channels bTV and Nova. He started from the newspaper and online news journalism - Dnevnik newspaper, Dnevnik.bg website and Capital Daily newspaper. He graduated in journalism and production at the University of National and World Economy. Part of the author's team of the text entitled "From the Istanbul Convention to the fraud k0vid-19", awarded first place in the hackathon "Health on target" of the Association of European Journalists - Bulgaria.

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